Clung on Mount Titano, the city of San Marino is the capital of the homonym Serenissima Republic. At the frontier with Emilia-Romagna and the Marche, the small state covers an area of about 60 square km and has about 30,000 inhabitants. Parliamentary republic of primates: it is the oldest in the world, the least populated among the states of Europe, and its two Heads of state remain in office for only six months. It is not the smallest, surpassed in Europe by Monaco and Vatican City.
In the legend of its origins there is all the spirit of independence of this “ancient land of freedom”. “I leave you free from the one and the other man” would have said the founder Marino to his followers, free from the Emperor and the Pope. The official date of foundation is September 3 of 301, when the Dalmatian chopper stone Marino founded on Mount Titano its small community of Christians. A legend wants the territory donated to them by a rich woman from Rimini after his son was saved for a miracle of Marino. The independence of the community is asserted in Placito Feretrano, a copy of a treaty of 885 that remited the village from the feudal bond of the Church of Rimini and Montefeltro. The sovereignty of the state, several times endangered, was enshrined in a definitive way after the Unification of Italy with a treaty of friendship, in recognition of the support given to Garibaldi.
San Marino does not belong to the European Union, but the current money is the Euro. The city of San Marino is the oldest nucleus and is the seat of the government institutions. Standing out on the calcareous-arenaceous peak of Titan, it fascinates already from afar with its “three pens” – Rocca Guaita, Rocca Cesta, Il Montale – the medieval towers symbol of the city. Three walls surround the village and in them the Church of the Holy founder, the Old Monastery of St. Clare, the Door and the Church of St. Francis and Freedom Square with the Pubblic Palace and the magnificent panoramic terrace.